We invite you to join our tour around Soviet Kyiv, where we will introduce you to the architecture of the Soviet era. You will see unique constructions of its kind, many of which had innovative solutions. You will get to know the names of Kyiv architects, thanks to whom the Verkhovna Rada, the Hotel “Ukraine”, the Palace of Sport, the “Plate”, VDNH and other grandiose structures were erected. The tour can take you around the center, Pechersk, New Development or Golosiivo (by walk / by car). The route “Peremoha Square – Peremoha Ave” is also possible. Duration – 3-4 hours.
The architecture of Soviet Kyiv personifies a whole era of the socialist regime, which was reflected in grandiose projects, monumental and complex buildings. Strangely enough, this period of 70 years left more than half of the current city development. Creating the appearance of the capital of the Ukrainian SSR, many buildings were erected, with some of them being the masterpieces of architecture recognized throughout the world.
The best architects of that time worked on the architectural image of Kyiv, which could not but affect the outcome. Among the major Kyiv city planners, who made the greatest contribution, we can name P. Alyoshyn, I. Karakis, V. Zabolotny, A. Dobrovolsky and A. Miletsky. Some masterpieces of architectural thought were so ahead of time that they were understood and appreciated only after half a century. Today they are part of the history of Ukrainian architecture and cultural heritage of the country.
Over the years of existence of the state of Soviets, Kyiv has incorporated various styles of architecture, ranging from the Stalin’s ampir to modernism in all its manifestations. Bright examples of Soviet architecture are considered to be VDNH (Expocenter of Ukraine), the building of the Verkhovna Rada and the Cabinet of Ministers, The River port, the monument to “Woman Motherland”, as well as “Teatralna” and “Khreshchatyk” metro stations. Some of these buildings have been repeatedly noted in the global architectural environment.
Of particular importance was the construction of public places for citizens to spend leisure time – these are clubs for workers, cinemas, pioneer houses, palaces of culture and sports grounds. The most expressive objects include the cinema “Kyiv”, the Palace of Pioneers (Center for Children and Youth), the club of workers of the food trust “Pishchevik” (Opera and Ballet Theater for Children and Youth), the cinema “Zhovten”, the “Spartak” stadium.
Soviet modernism, conveying the basic ideology of the time, is also of interest. Striving for progress, space exploration and new technologies, innovation and bold solutions were transformed into monolithic structures made of concrete and metal structures, designed to emphasize asceticism and urban appearance. The built-in volumes, straight lines, porthole windows, geometricity and multilevels became a trend. However, even these massive structures and complex shapes also have their own appeal. The creations of Kyiv modernism include the INTEI building, known as the “UFO”, the Crematorium, the library named after Vernadsky, the House of furniture, the bus fleet № 7 and the “Salute” hotel.
At the turn of the 1970-1980s brutalism of Kyiv architecture was noticeably manifested. It was one of the directions of modernism, which is characterized by large-scale compositional structures and the power of structures. A unique object erected in this style is the campus of the University named after Shevchenko, located in the area of Holosievo.
Mosaics deserve special attention. It is a popular type of monumental and decorative art, the heyday of which fell in the USSR for the 1960-1970s during the period of typical buildings. Thus, propagating the ideal of the Soviet citizen, hundreds of mosaic paintings of various masonry techniques and themes were created in Kyiv, adorning scientific institutes, administrative and educational institutions, and metro stations. Kyiv masters also used folk motives, historical events and characters in their works. Such panels as “Industrial Labor” (metro station “Shuliavska”) and “Blacksmiths of Modernity” (47, Nauky ave); as well as mosaic composition “Kyiv Rus” (metro station “Zoloti Vorota”) and the interior of the Central Bus Station are absolutely adorable.
Today, Soviet Kyiv is trendy. Experiencing an aesthetic boom, the Ukrainian capital has become a place with ideal locations for video and photography. Kyiv can be seen in advertisements of Apple, Diesel, Mazda, Lacoste and Motorola, as well as in the famous television series “Chornobyl” and in official videos of foreign musicians. Many objects were repeatedly marked by the European editions of The Guardian, Architectural Review and the Dezeen.